In Pakistan, sheep farming & goat farming are one of the most profitable farm animals agencies that require low funding (funding of approximately PKR 2 million). The suggested sheep farm should be mounted in sheep rearing areas of u . s . in which variety grazing is available. In Balochistan Southern, Northern & crucial are appropriate areas to establish sheep farm. primary production areas in Balochistan consist of Kalat, Khuzdar, Kharan, Mastung, Noshki Mashkel, Sibi, Naseerabad, Jaffarabad, Kohlo, Dera Bugti, Killa Saifullah, Ziarat, Loralai, Zhob, Barkhan and Lasbela Districts.
livestock in Balochistan holds amazing potential in the direction of contributing to accelerated incomes of the farmers. growth in output has varied over time, however in standard has barely saved tempo with the population boom. In Balochistan, the contribution of livestock is estimated to be forty% toward agriculture. livestock is the principal supply of earnings of greater than 75% of the humans inhabiting the geographical region of Balochistan.
Target marketplace has to be the areas in which breeding is being undertaken in addition to most important cities like Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Peshawar etc. similarly to local markets, there may be a giant meat export potential to center Japanese countries.
The sheep farm under consideration will begin production with 315 sheep (70% of general capability). The farm will attain maximum ability of 405 sheep (90% of overall capability) in its seventh yr. The limit of 450 sheep has been imposed on the farm due to the fact a completely huge flock could be difficult to control. The farm would recognition on the rearing of young inventory for fattening and marketing. Lambs from six to eight months of age may be purchased and resold in the market after a fattening length of a hundred and twenty days.
Sheep Farming manner in Pakistan
Animals decided on for fattening ought to be from six to eight months of age. At this age, the animal is weaned and starts offevolved ingesting green fodder and grass. in comparison to grown-up sheep, the day by day weight-gain ability is likewise higher at this age. Weight and age of all the selected animals must also be comparable otherwise the bigger and older animals could not allow the smaller animals to devour feed consistent with their requirement. decided on animals need to no longer be unwell, vulnerable or with bodily disabilities.
Sheep Breed selection for Farming in Pakistan
The farmers should now not most effective pick right satisfactory breed that could bring better outcomes for fattening however also choose most appropriate animals from the selected breed. thru higher control, the load advantage of those decided on breeds would be higher. The most appropriate breeds for fattening consist of Balochi, “Harnai” and “Bibrik” sheep. The farmer no longer simplest has to pick out the higher breed that can carry outcomes for fattening but additionally should choose maximum suitable animals from the chosen breed. through better control, the weight advantage of those decided on breeds would be better. The animals ought to be tagged on arrival to the farm. The information to be recorded consists of the breed, stay weight, age and date of buy and so on.
Balochi Sheep Breed
Balochi sheep is a large sized fat-tailed breed, found in Central, Southern and some South-western parts of the Balochistan. It is used for meat and milk. Coarse wool is also collected from it. Its fleece is white with pigmented head and legs. Body weight of adult varies between 35 and 40 Kg, milk yield is between 40-50 kg in a period of about 125 days. The average fleece production is 1.3 – 1.8 kg.
Bibrik Sheep Breed
It is a fat and short-tailed, mutton type sheep that is found in parts of Loralai Kohlu, Bugti, Barkhan, Musakhel and Sibi districts in Balochistan province. It is a medium size breed. Body color is white with black or brown head. The wool yield is about 1.7 kg. Average adult live-weight is 27 kg.
Harnai Sheep Breed
Harnai is a fat tail, mutton/wool type breed. It is found in parts of Loralai, Quetta, Sibi and Zhob districts in Balochistan. It is medium sized with a white body coat and a black or tan spotted head and ears. The wool yield is 2.6 kg with medium fiber diameter. Its wool is dense and heavy. Average adult body weight is around 30-32 kg. The breed also produces excellent quality mutton.
Investment Required for Sheep Farming in Pakistan
Project cost estimate is Rs. 2.19 Million with the fixed investment of Rs. 1.29 Million and working capital Rs. 0.90 Million. Given the cost assumptions, IRR and payback are 46% and 3.10 years respectively.